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日常会话:园艺英语翻译

 日常会话:园艺

 

 

 

 

By Charlie Morgan

李薇 译注

In Canada, many people like to plant a garden. Some plant flowers, some vegetables, and others like both. But, gardens are lots of work. So, people go to a garden centre to buy bedding plants[1]. You can get many flowers already started, so they’ll grow fast. You can also get small tomato plants. Do you have a garden? Do you want one? Can you help to take care of it? Or, will you only help to eat from it?

A: What are you going to do tomorrow? Are you free?

B: Sorry, I’ll be busy. It’s time to plant my garden.

A: Lucky you. I don’t have a garden. I live in a building. What’ll you plant?

B: I usually plant some vegetables and some flowers.

A: Which vegetables are you going to plant?

B: I’m going to have a row of carrots and a row of lettuce[2]. I already have the seeds. They’re easy to grow. And, I always plant some tomatoes.

A: Tomatoes fresh from the garden are delicious[3]. What else will you plant?

B: Last year, we had a cucumber[4] patch. They were good, but they sprawled everywhere. So, I’m not going to plant any this year.

A: I see. Will you plant any peas[5] or peppers? They’re my favorites[6].

B: No, peas are extra work, they need stakes. And, my peppers always die.

A: Oh, dear. What kinds of flowers are you going to plant?

B: I think I’ll just pick up some bedding plants. That’s faster.

A: Where’ll you get them?

B: There’s a garden centre in front of my local supermarket. I’ll pick up a nice assortment of colorful ones that are easy to look after[7].

A: I hope they all bloom for you. It sounds like a lot of work.

B: Yes, I have to turn over[8] the soil, dig holes, plant bedding plants and sow seeds, then water everything. But, that’s just the beginning.

A: Really? Is it hard to tend to a garden? What’ll you need to do?

B: I must weed the garden regularly, water it and fertilize it. I’ve got to watch out for bugs, too. Taking care of a garden is a lot of work.

A: Who’s going to help you?

B: Everyone will help me enjoy the garden but no one will help!

A: I’m glad I live in an apartment!

Vocabulary

1. bedding plant: 适于花坛种植的花草。

2. lettuce: 莴苣,生菜。

3. delicious: 好吃的,非常美味的。

4. cucumber: 黄瓜。

5. pea: 豆子。

6. favorite: 特别受喜爱的人(或物)。

7. look after: 照顾,照料。

8. turn over: 把……翻过来。这里指“翻土”。

Exercise

1. plant garden a. “shop” sells plants for gardens

2. row b. it doesn’t stay narrow, takes more space and
spread out over a wide area in an untidy and unattractive way

3. patch c. put seeds in garden

4. sprawl d. put seeds or baby plants in garden

5. stake e. good earth for garden

6. oh, dear f. to put a substance on the soil which makes
plants grow

7. pick up g. pull bad plants from yard or garden

8. garden centre h. one part of a garden (a flat square piece)

9. assortment i. One line of plants in a garden

10. colorful j. make a hole in the earth

11. bloom k. take care of a yard or garden regularly

12. soil l. different kinds together

13. dig m. flowers open

14. sow seeds n. a wooden stick tie flowers to it (in order to
keep straight)

15. tend to o. to be careful of something

16. weed p. buy quickly

17. fertilize q. bad news!

18. watch out for r. bright colors

Answers: 1–d, 2–i, 3–h, 4–b, 5–n, 6–q, 7–p, 8–a, 9–l, 10–r, 11–m, 12–e, 13–j, 14–c, 15–k, 16–g, 17–f, 18–o

Usage Tips:

1. 词组take care of是“照顾,照料,照管”的意思,后面可与人搭配,如take care of babies or grandparents;还可与动物搭配,如take care of dogs;也可与物品搭配,如take care of cars。但如果说“照料花园或院子”,则 一般要用它的同义词组tend to,如tend to plants/gardens/yards,而且相较于take care of,tend to所表达的含义是“更规律、勤劳地进行照看”。另外,tend to还有“往往会,常常”的意思,它与usually词义相近,但程度较轻,如:I tend to sleep late on Sunday.

2. 当sprawl一词用于植物时,它指的是“蔓生,蔓延”,即Plants grow too wide and get in the way of other plants,如:There were plants sprawling all over the place.(那 里到处杂乱地生长着各种植物。)它还有“城 市等无计划地扩展或延伸”之意,如:A small resort town sprawling around the harbor.(一 座旅游度假的小镇逶迤伸展在海港周围。)我们再看一个例句:The tired boy sprawled in a chair. 这里的sprawl则是“懒散地伸开四肢坐(或躺)”的意思。

(来源:英语学习杂志 编辑:丹妮)


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